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Zeta Potential

Zeta potential is the property of a fluid which enables particles to remain suspended. 
Zeta potential is influenced by the energetic charge distribution in a fluid.  Generally the higher the fluid’s available ionic potential resident in the fluid, the greater the ability to maintain distribution of the particles. 

Here is a video which illustrates the principle which I used in our lab using PEMF to increase the Zeta Potential for a blood sample on a slide.   Increased zeta potential is the “reason why” the cells separate. 

Hormesis products emit beta particles – these particles are electrons.  When they enter a fluid, they attach to the polarized water molecules, and create pseudo-ions.  I assert that these pseudo-ions increase the net electro-negativity, of the solution, and elevate the zeta potential until they escape.

I assert that the use of “radioactive” materials, is a convenient source of soluble electrons.  I suspect that a special attribute, perhaps spin or momentum, of these “Nuclear electrons” enables them to behave like a solute instead of migrating to the surface, as  “Faraday’s principle regarding electron distribution for a conductor” suggests they would..

Entry of the “charged particle” into the solution creates a sticky effect, where the electron sticks to water.  The sticking enables the electron to tangle, and slowly drift through the water during its journey.  This tacky-floating effect explains why “water” holds radiation.  When the electron reaches the surface, and then pops free, as a measurable beta-particle again.

I do not share the view that radioisotopes, “uranium”, “thorium” or “radium” are relevant with the majority of the effects of the Hormetics.  They serve as long-term electron donors.
Ionization, and influence on zeta potential is unlikely.  They are “rocks”, chemically bound into insoluble forms.  If they were part of soluble compounds, they would have washed away already.

Collectively, the “soluble electrons” have the dominant effect on Zeta Potential, while the rocks with interesting elements sit there.

For zeta potential, the chemical attributes, particularly thorium, or other radio-isotopes, is determined by the ionic potential of the outer electron shell.  For example Aluminum is a powerful flocculating agent with a +3, crashes the zeta potential. 

The mud-packs for example, chemically isolate the source material from the receiver material.  The tiny size of electrons enables them to pass through the plastic package.  In this case, the soluble electrons enter solution.

Here is a video where I document several other probable explanations for the observable effects of hormesis: Hormesis Science Video

Zeta Potential [mV]

Stability behavior of the colloid

from 0 to ±5,

Rapid coagulation or flocculation

from ±10 to ±30

Incipient instability

from ±30 to ±40

Moderate stability

from ±40 to ±60

Good stability

more than ±61

Excellent stability

This explanation partially contradicts the view that hormesis is based on antagonistic influences from high energy radiation.  The energy and particle distribution output of stones and pads very mild, and does not fit the emission profiles described in historical literature.
Output is 99.99 percent beta particles which barely penetrate paper. 

This low energy indicates that little, if any destructive effect seems feasible.  The level of output of gamma particles is barely measurable compared to background levels, .080 mR/hr compared to .020 mR/hr (background).  See Beta Hormesis Video for a discussion of how these levels.



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